His Highness is the son of Prince Rainier III, Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi (31st May 1923 – 6th April 2005) and Princess Grace, née Kelly (Philadelphia, United States, 12th November 1929 – Monaco, 14th September 1982).
On Wednesday 6th April 2005, H.S.H. Prince Albert II succeeded his father, Prince Rainier III who died on 5th April 2005. On 12th July 2005, at the end of the period of official mourning, the Prince’s accession to the throne was celebrated.
Since 1984, H.S.H. Prince Albert had assisted his father in conducting the affairs of State.
In June 2006, H.S.H. the Prince set up the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation dedicated to protecting the environment. It encourages sustainable and fair management of natural resources and places man at the centre of its projects. It supports the implementation of innovative and ethical solutions in three broad areas: climate change, water and biodiversity.
In January 2009, H.S.H. Prince Albert II of Monaco undertook a three week scientific journey in the Antarctic. This journey followed two other expeditions in the Arctic in 2005 (Spitzberg) and 2006 when H.S.H. reached the North Pole by sledge after a trek of several days.
In October 2009, H.S.H. the Prince received the Teddy Roosevelt Medal at the United States Congress and the Roger Revelle Prize, given out by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego. These two distinctions were awarded to him in acknowledgement of his actions towards environmental protection.